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  1. Human rights are inherent, inalienable and fundamental rights to enjoy dignified life. 
  2. Human beings are entitled to enjoy certain fundamental rights irrespective of any distinction of race, religion, caste, sex and place of birth, etc.
  3. Democracy is based on freedom and equality between all people. It’s often described as the ‘rule of the majority’, as important decisions are based on the votes of the people and so democracies should protect the best interests of the people. Protection of human rights is all the more important in a democratic country like India because of its large size and population, widespread poverty, lack of proper education, as well as its diverse culture
  4. Our Preamble proclaims the resolve of the people to constitute India into a sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic republic. It ensures to all its citizens social, economic and political justice; liberty of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship; equality of status and opportunity; and fraternity, assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the nation
  5. The Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles of State Policy and Fundamental Duties are sections of the Constitution that prescribe the fundamental obligations of the states to its citizens and the duties and the rights of the citizens to the State.
  6. The Fundamental Rights defined in Part III of the Constitution are defined as the basic human rights of all citizens and are applied irrespective of race, place of birth, religion, caste creed, or gender. They are enforceable by the courts, subject to specific restrictions. 
  7. Having inspired from Constitutional obligation to respect and promote human rights and in compliance of international mandate on human rights, the government of India passed The Protection of Human Rights Act in 1993 which aims to protect and promote human rights in India.
  8.  Under the Act, Statutory body known as National Human Rights Commission has been set up to protect and promote human rights. 
  9. Democratic government requires that all citizens are equal before the law. This means that rich and powerful citizens (including leaders) have the same legal rights and responsibilities as poor and powerless ones, and that all citizens should have the same rights to seek justice and be treated fairly. For this we have a strong and independent judiciary, Respect for the law and Strong laws against corruption and abuse of power. For survival of this government protection of Human Rights is the most important weapon because Democracy is Rule by the People and their rights have to be protected at any cost.
  10. At international level, lot of human rights, treaties, declarations and conventions have been formulated to protect and promote human rights. 
  11. Human Rights Day is observed on December 10 every year. The theme of Human Rights Day 2021 was related to Equality and to Article 1 of UDHR which states that all human beings in the world are born free and are equal in dignity and rights. The principles of non-discrimination and equality are at the heart of human rights

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What demotivates aspirants is the idea that at least 4-5 attempts are a must to qualify UPSC CSE EXAMS. This is absolutely incorrect. It’s true that this exam demands time to prepare but that’s not more than 2 to 3 years. It’s a learning process where you will make multiple mistakes and so, would need time to rectify them too. Most aspirants do not realise this fact and waste their attempts with inadequate preparation, which in turn, demotivates them. So, you need a mentor to guide you in this journey and tell you WHEN TO START and HOW TO START your preparation. Also before knowing what to study an aspirant has to first know WHAT NOT TO STUDY in this era of overflooded information around us. This is where the role of a Mentor becomes all the more important so that you do not waste your crucial time reading unnecessary content.
Aspirants often have a misconception that at least 13-14 hours a day must be given to this exam. Again, this is not true. UPSC preparation is journey of not only gathering knowledge, but also of overall character and personality development. So, if you utilise 13-14 hrs a day only in studying, you won’t get time to interact with the outside world and evolve properly and this wouldn’t help in the training process. Diligent engagement of 5-6 hrs a day would be enough for the preparation and that’s why KAVISH IAS suggests its students to start planning from their graduation only, as regular practice will definitely help you reach your goal.
Many Institutes recommend starting UPSC preparation from 6th standard NCERT books and go through graduation level textbooks, which is not true. Also, the aspirant is prescribed to go through the entire newspaper every day. Reading so much of hefty content on a daily basis is a tedious and boring job to do. Such misconceptions only waste the aspirant’s valuable time and money. Each individual is different and accordingly he/she should be suggested where to start from. Coming to current affairs, news reading and its analysis is a skill that needs to be taught in the beginning, and with time the aspirant can himself decide what to read and how to read. Analysing and jotting down the essentials becomes easy for the student after a few months.
Another myth that students fear is that ‘UPSC IS DIFFICULT AND ONLY IIT OR TOP COLLEGE GRADUATES CAN CRACK IT ’. UPSC is open for graduates from every stream and doesn’t prefer anyone based on his/her background. So if you are willing to dedicate your time in this preparation, you can surely succeed in this exam with a good rank.