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HUMAN RIGHTS- MAJOR WEAPON TO PROTECT DEMOCRACY

  • Avantika 

TOPIC: GS PAPER-2; INDIAN POLITY & CONSTITUTION

  1. Human rights are inherent, inalienable and fundamental rights to enjoy dignified life. 
  2. Human beings are entitled to enjoy certain fundamental rights irrespective of any distinction of race, religion, caste, sex and place of birth, etc.
  3. Democracy is based on freedom and equality between all people. It’s often described as the ‘rule of the majority’, as important decisions are based on the votes of the people and so democracies should protect the best interests of the people. Protection of human rights is all the more important in a democratic country like India because of its large size and population, widespread poverty, lack of proper education, as well as its diverse culture
  4. Our Preamble proclaims the resolve of the people to constitute India into a sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic republic. It ensures to all its citizens social, economic and political justice; liberty of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship; equality of status and opportunity; and fraternity, assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the nation
  5. The Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles of State Policy and Fundamental Duties are sections of the Constitution that prescribe the fundamental obligations of the states to its citizens and the duties and the rights of the citizens to the State.
  6. The Fundamental Rights defined in Part III of the Constitution are defined as the basic human rights of all citizens and are applied irrespective of race, place of birth, religion, caste creed, or gender. They are enforceable by the courts, subject to specific restrictions. 
  7. Having inspired from Constitutional obligation to respect and promote human rights and in compliance of international mandate on human rights, the government of India passed The Protection of Human Rights Act in 1993 which aims to protect and promote human rights in India.
  8.  Under the Act, Statutory body known as National Human Rights Commission has been set up to protect and promote human rights. 
  9. Democratic government requires that all citizens are equal before the law. This means that rich and powerful citizens (including leaders) have the same legal rights and responsibilities as poor and powerless ones, and that all citizens should have the same rights to seek justice and be treated fairly. For this we have a strong and independent judiciary, Respect for the law and Strong laws against corruption and abuse of power. For survival of this government protection of Human Rights is the most important weapon because Democracy is Rule by the People and their rights have to be protected at any cost.
  10. At international level, lot of human rights, treaties, declarations and conventions have been formulated to protect and promote human rights. 
  11. Human Rights Day is observed on December 10 every year. The theme of Human Rights Day 2021 was related to Equality and to Article 1 of UDHR which states that all human beings in the world are born free and are equal in dignity and rights. The principles of non-discrimination and equality are at the heart of human rights

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