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Awl – Mains

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  1. Why cyclones are more frequent in the Bay of Bengal than Arabian Sea?? Discuss. (250 words)

  2. What are flash floods and its causes? Also suggest mitigation strategies. (250 words)

  3. What do you understand by Government of India’s ‘SMART CITIES MISSION’. How far do you agree that this Mission would drive economic growth leading to sustainable and inclusive development of the region? Discuss. (250 words)

  4. India needs forward-looking policies focused on population dynamics, education and skills to reap the benefits of its Demographic Dividend. Analyze. (250 words)
  5. What are the impediments to ‘Good Urbanisation’ in India? How can Good Urbanisation ensure economic justice for women and children? Comment. (250 words)
  6. Are we losing our local identity for the global identity? Discuss (250 words)
  7. Discuss the significance of thoughts of Mahatma Gandhi in current times. (250 words)
  8. India and the Southeast Asia region share a long history of cultural and commercial relations. Comment. (250 words)
  9. Examine critically the various facets of economic policies of the British in India from mid-eighteenth century till independence. (250 words)
  10. Gender-based discrimination begins before birth and is instilled in the home. But could the current health crisis be an inflection point for Indian gender norms? Discuss. (250 words)
  11. Globalization has resulted in not only greater cross border cultural engagement, but also marks emergence of a harmonized culture, with cross border acceptability. Discuss citing examples.(250 words)
  12. The aspirations of India and its citizens require institutional reforms in governance and dynamic policy shifts that can seed and nurture unprecedented change. Discuss the functions of Niti Aayog as a means to better serve the needs and aspirations of the people of India. (250 words)


  1. What are Electoral Bonds? How far do you agree that the Electoral Bond scheme which was aimed at preventing the flow of black money into Elections is leading to limitless and anonymous funding to political parties is violative of the core idea of democracy? Comment. (250 words)
  2. Through its “Neighbourhood first” policy India wants to share the fruits of its growth with its neighbours because a prosperous neighbourhood means a prosperous region. Discuss the same in the backdrop of Prime Minister’s recent visit to Bangladesh. (250 words)
  3. Discuss the relevance of ‘Soft Power’ in contemporary world politics? How far do you agree that India’s soft power is the most important pillar of its Foreign Policy. Comment. (250 words)
  4. Mission Antyodaya strives to realise the goal of poverty-free India by 2022. What are the objectives of this Mission? How can this help in development of rural India by transforming rural livelihoods. (250 words)
  5. Child Malnutrition in India is often attributed to factors like large scale poverty, inequality and food shortage but countries with similar historical and societal set-ups have performed far better in this regard. Discuss citing examples. (250 words)
  6. Women empowerment and gender-equality in its real sense would mean having women occupy the centre-stage of all policy and decision making. It is very rightful of them to make decisions which affect their lives. How far do you agree with the above statement. Explain. (250 words)
  7. WHO has recognised India’s ASHA workers as ‘Global Health Leaders’ for their role in linking the community with the health systems. Who are ASHA workers? How did they play a crucial role in Pandemic? (250 words)
  8. “The Attorney-General is the chief legal adviser and lawyer of the Government of India”. Discuss. (250 words)
  9. Developmental projects are instrumental in faster economic growth of the nation but they are always built at the cost of the marginalised. Comment. (250 words)
  10. The new Indo-Pacific Bloc would counter China’s hegemony in the Blue Economy and Ocean Governance. Analyze. (250 words)


  1. Elucidate the various initiatives being employed at both global and national level in order to cope up with climate crisis. (250 words)
  2. Critically analyze the use of Artificial Intelligence in the modern world. Explain India’s stance as a competitor and cooperator in the race of AI. (250 words)
  3. What are the causes of Forest Fires in India? How much damage do these forest fires cause? Discuss ways and means to prevent such fires? (250 words)
  4. Food Subsidy is becoming unmanageably large and a revamped, need-based PDS is required not just for cutting down the subsidy bill but also for reducing the scope for leakages. Discuss. (250 words)
  5. India’s cybersecurity posture needs a clearer strategy, greater transparency and improved coordination between the government and the private sector to enable a more stable and secure cyber ecosystem. Comment. (250 words)
  6. What is MITRA Scheme? How would this Scheme enable the Textile Industry become globally competitive and enhance employment opportunities? Explain. (250 words)
  7. What is a Bad Bank? What are the advantages of setting up a Bad Bank? In India how would the Bad Bank structure work in resolving the problem of stressed assets? Discuss. (250 words)
  8. India is consistently putting efforts to become energy-independent by 2047 which is in line with SDG Goal 7- “Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all”. How can this feat be achieved knowing India’s huge dependence on oil and gas imports? Analyse with examples. (250 words)
  9. Rural women are the torchbearers for social, economic and environment transformation for the ‘New India’. Comment. (250 words)
  10. India’s start up ecosystem is the third-largest in the world, only behind the US and China. With the new Digital Media Code, India continues to deepen its position as a leader in digital policy and technological innovation. Comment. (250 words)
  11. COVID-19 is an ongoing challenge that is leading to bigger concerns like economic recession and climate change for global economies. But for India their favourable demographic dividend holds huge potential for them to overcome the challenges and traverse the path of economic growth. (250 words)
  12. Discuss the role of MSME’s in India’s road to development? Promoting entrepreneurship within MSMEs is very crucial to tackle the ongoing job crisis in the country. Elaborate. (250 words)
  13. Differentiate between GDP and GNP? Why India, US and most other economies have switched over to GDP to measure growth of their economies and not GNP? Explain with examples. (250 words)
  14. What are Transfer Payments? Why are they not included in Government expenditure while calculating GDP? (150 words)
  15. Border security threats in India can only be addressed if there is effective coordination and cooperation between security agencies and state law enforcement agencies. Comment (250 words)
  16. At COP 27 India released its long-term climate action strategy for low carbon development to reach net zero emissions by 2070. Discuss India’s climate action plan to meet its goal of achieving climate neutrality in next 5 decades. (250 words)
  17. The digital revolution brings immense potential to improve social and economic outcomes for women. Identify the opportunities and risks associated with digital revolution. (250 words)


Kavish IAS

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What demotivates aspirants is the idea that at least 4-5 attempts are a must to qualify UPSC CSE EXAMS. This is absolutely incorrect. It’s true that this exam demands time to prepare but that’s not more than 2 to 3 years. It’s a learning process where you will make multiple mistakes and so, would need time to rectify them too. Most aspirants do not realise this fact and waste their attempts with inadequate preparation, which in turn, demotivates them. So, you need a mentor to guide you in this journey and tell you WHEN TO START and HOW TO START your preparation. Also before knowing what to study an aspirant has to first know WHAT NOT TO STUDY in this era of overflooded information around us. This is where the role of a Mentor becomes all the more important so that you do not waste your crucial time reading unnecessary content.
Aspirants often have a misconception that at least 13-14 hours a day must be given to this exam. Again, this is not true. UPSC preparation is journey of not only gathering knowledge, but also of overall character and personality development. So, if you utilise 13-14 hrs a day only in studying, you won’t get time to interact with the outside world and evolve properly and this wouldn’t help in the training process. Diligent engagement of 5-6 hrs a day would be enough for the preparation and that’s why KAVISH IAS suggests its students to start planning from their graduation only, as regular practice will definitely help you reach your goal.
Many Institutes recommend starting UPSC preparation from 6th standard NCERT books and go through graduation level textbooks, which is not true. Also, the aspirant is prescribed to go through the entire newspaper every day. Reading so much of hefty content on a daily basis is a tedious and boring job to do. Such misconceptions only waste the aspirant’s valuable time and money. Each individual is different and accordingly he/she should be suggested where to start from. Coming to current affairs, news reading and its analysis is a skill that needs to be taught in the beginning, and with time the aspirant can himself decide what to read and how to read. Analysing and jotting down the essentials becomes easy for the student after a few months.
Another myth that students fear is that ‘UPSC IS DIFFICULT AND ONLY IIT OR TOP COLLEGE GRADUATES CAN CRACK IT ’. UPSC is open for graduates from every stream and doesn’t prefer anyone based on his/her background. So if you are willing to dedicate your time in this preparation, you can surely succeed in this exam with a good rank.